Monthly Archives: August 2014

Microscopic Origin of Shear Relaxation in Strongly Coupled Yukawa Liquids. (arXiv:1408.0141v1 [cond-mat.soft])

We report accurate molecular dynamics calculations of the shear stress relaxation in a two-dimensional strongly coupled Yukawa liquid over a wide range of the Coulomb coupling strength $\Gamma$ and the Debye screening parameter $\kappa$. Our data on the relaxation times of the ideal- , excess- and total shear stress auto-correlation ($\tau^{id}_M, \tau^{ex}_M, \tau_M$ respectively) along with the lifetime of local atomic connectivity $\tau_{LC}$ leads us to the following important observation. Below a certain crossover $\Gamma_c(\kappa)$, $\tau_{LC} \rightarrow \tau^{ex}_M$, directly implying that here $\tau_{LC}$ is the microscopic origin of the relaxation of excess shear stress unlike the case for ordinary liquids where it is the origin of the relaxation of the total shear stress. At $\Gamma >> \Gamma_c(\kappa)$ i.e. in the potential energy dominated regime, $\tau^{ex}_M\rightarrow \tau_M$ meaning that $\tau^{ex}_M$ can fully account for the elastic or "solid like" behavior.