Monthly Archives: April 2015

Pseudopotential approach for dust acoustic solitary waves in dusty plasmas with kappa-distributed ions and electrons and dust grains having power law size distribution

Sagdeev's pseudopotential method is used to study small as well as arbitrary amplitude dust acoustic solitons in a dusty plasma with kappa distributed electrons and ions with dust grains having power law size distribution. The existence of potential well solitons has been shown for suitable parametric region. The criterion for existence of soliton is derived in terms of upper and lower limit for Mach numbers. The numerical results show that the size distribution can affect the existence as well as the propagation characteristics of the dust acoustic solitons. The effect of kappa distribution is also highlighted.

Analysis of linear and nonlinear conductivity of plasma-like systems on the basis of the Fokker-Planck equation

The problems of high linear conductivity in an electric field, as well as nonlinear conductivity, are considered for plasma-like systems. First, we recall several observations of nonlinear fast charge transport in dusty plasma, molecular chains, lattices, conducting polymers, and semiconductor layers. Exploring the role of noise we introduce the generalized Fokker-Planck equation. Second, one-dimensional models are considered on the basis of the Fokker-Planck equation with active and passive velocity-dependent friction including an external electrical field. On this basis, it is possible to find the linear and nonlinear conductivities for electrons and other charged particles in a homogeneous external field. It is shown that the velocity dependence of the friction coefficient can lead to an essential increase of the electron average velocity and the corresponding conductivity in comparison with the usual model of constant friction, which is described by the Drude-type conductivity. Applications including novel forms of controlled charge transfer and non-Ohmic conductance are discussed.

Fano-like anti-resonances in strongly coupled binary Coulomb systems. (arXiv:1404.1661v2 [physics.plasm-ph] UPDATED)

Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations of a strongly coupled binary ionic mixture have revealed the appearance of sharp minima in the species resolved dynamical density fluctuation spectra. This phenomenon is reminiscent of the well-known Fano anti-resonance, occurring in various physical processes. We give a theoretical analysis using the Quasi Localized Charge Approximation, and demonstrate that the observed phenomenon in the equilibrium spectrum is a novel manifestation of the Fano mechanism, that occurs at characteristic frequencies of the system different from the conventional classical Fano frequencies.

The polarized Debye sheath effect on Kadomtsev-Petviashvili electrostatic structures in strongly coupled dusty plasma

We give a theoretical investigation on the dynamics of nonlinear electrostatic waves in a strongly coupled dusty plasma with strong electrostatic interaction between dust grains in the presence of the polarization force (i.e., the force due to the polarized Debye sheath). Adopting a reductive perturbation method, we derived a three-dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation that describes the evolution of weakly nonlinear electrostatic localized waves. The energy integral equation is used to study the existence domains of the localized structures. The analysis provides the localized structure existence region, in terms of the effects of strong interaction between the dust particles and polarization force.

Compressive and rarefactive dust-ion-acoustic Gardner solitons in a multi-component dusty plasma

The linear and nonlinear propagations of dust-ion-acoustic solitary waves (DIASWs) in a collisionless four-component unmagnetized dusty plasma system containing nonextensive electrons, inertial negative ions, Maxwellian positive ions, and negatively charged static dust grains have been investigated theoretically. The linear properties are analyzed by using the normal mode analysis and the reductive perturbation method is used to derive the nonlinear equations, namely, the Korteweg-de Vries (K-dV), the modified K-dV (mK-dV), and the Gardner equations. The basic features (viz., polarity, amplitude, width, etc.) of Gardner solitons (GS) are found to exist beyond the K-dV limit and these dust-ion-acoustic GS are qualitatively different from the K-dV and mK-dV solitons. It is observed that the basic features of DIASWs are affected by various plasma parameters (viz., electron nonextensivity, negative-to-positive ion number density ratio, electron-to-positive ion number density ratio, electron-to-positive ion temperature ratio, etc.) of the considered plasma system. The findings of our results obtained from this theoretical investigation may be useful in understanding the nonlinear structures and the characteristics of DIASWs propagating in both space and laboratory plasmas.

Landau damping of Gardner solitons in a dusty bi-ion plasma. (arXiv:1504.00089v1 [physics.plasm-ph])

The effects of linear Landau damping on the nonlinear propagation of dust-acoustic solitary waves (DASWs) are studied in a collisionless unmagnetized dusty plasma with two species of positive ions. The extremely massive, micron-seized, cold and negatively charged dust particles are described by fluid equations, whereas the two species of positive ions, namely the cold (heavy) and hot (light) ions are described by the kinetic Vlasov equations. Following Ott and Sudan [Phys. Fluids {\bf 12}, 2388 (1969)], and by considering lower and higher-order perturbations, the evolution of DASWs with Landau damping is shown to be governed by Korteweg-de Vries (KdV), modified KdV (mKdV) or Gardner (KdV-mKdV)-like equations. The properties of the phase velocity and the Landau damping rate of DASWs are studied for different values of the ratios of the temperatures $(\sigma)$ and the number densities $(\mu)$ of hot and cold ions as well the cold to hot ion mass ratio $m$. The distinctive features of the decay rates of the amplitudes of the KdV, mKdV and Gardner solitons with a small effect of Landau damping are also studied in different parameter regimes. It is found that the Gardner soliton points to lower wave amplitudes than the KdV and mKdV solitons. The results may be useful for understanding the localization of solitary pulses and associated wave damping (collisionless) in laboratory and space plasmas (e.g., the F-ring of Saturn) in which the number density of free electrons is much smaller than that of ions and the heavy, micron seized dust grains are highly charged.

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Warm Dense Carbon

We present classical and DFT-based molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of carbon in the warm dense matter regime (ρ = 3.7 g/cc, 0. 86 eV < T < 8.62 eV [T < 100 eV for classical MD]). Two different classical interatomic potentials are used: 1. LCBOP, designed to simulate condensed (e.g. solid) phases of C, and 2. linearly screened Coulomb (Yukawa) potentials. It is shown that LCBOP over-predicts minima and maxima in the pair correlation functions of liquid-C in this regime when compared to the DFT-MD results. The screened Coulomb model, while under-correlating at low-T, seems to produce the correct qualitative features in the static ionic pair distributions at the highest-T. However, both approaches predict the decay in the ionic contribution of the specific heat as T ∞ to be much slower than that predicted by a model based on DFT-MD. These differences in the MD-derived equations of state in warm dense regimes could have important consequences when using classical inter-ionic forces such as these in large-scale MD simulations aimed at studying, for instance, processes of relevance to inertial confinement fusion when C is used as an ablator material. (© 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

A Calculation of the Electron Temperature of Complex Plasma of Noble Gases Mixture in CCRF Discharge

In this paper the results of studying of the electron temperature of buffer and complex plasmas in mixtures of noble gases (helium + argon) in capacitively coupled radiofrequency (CCRF) discharge are presented. The optical properties of dusty plasma in argon, helium and their mixtures have been studied using optical diagnostic methods. Based on spectral lines of plasma forming gases, the dependence of the electron temperature on gas pressure and discharge power has been determined. The axial distribution of electron temperature in the interelectrode gap has been measured. Measurements have been made using an RF compensated electric probe. The comparison of the experimental results shows that admixture of a small amount of argon to helium leads to a decrease in the electron temperature of buffer plasma. The presence of dust particles in the plasma causes an increase in the electron temperature. (© 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)